Which Method Of Financing Involves Raising Small Amounts Of Money From A Large Number Of People?


In the fast-evolving landscape of business financing, one method has emerged as a standout for its ability to democratize the investment process: crowdfunding. This innovative approach involves raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the internet.

It’s a strategy that has transformed the way entrepreneurs, creatives, and visionaries bring their ideas to life!!

What is Crowdfunding?

Crowdfunding is a method of financing that allows individuals or businesses to fund a project or venture by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, often through a dedicated online platform. This approach has gained immense popularity over the last decade, offering a more accessible and inclusive route to financial support outside traditional banking or investment systems.

The Impact of Crowdfunding

Crowdfunding has not only made it easier for projects to get off the ground but also empowered the public to vote with their wallets on the ideas they wish to see developed. Here are two compelling statistics that underscore its impact:

  1. Global Reach: The global crowdfunding market was valued at $13.9 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow to $28.8 billion by 2025, showcasing a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16% during the forecast period.
  2. Success Rates: On Kickstarter, one of the leading crowdfunding platforms, over 184,000 projects have been successfully funded, raising over $5.6 billion in pledges from 19 million backers as of 2021.

4 Examples of Crowdfunding Success

  1. Oculus Rift: Before becoming a household name in virtual reality, Oculus VR launched a Kickstarter campaign in 2012 to fund the development of their first VR headset, the Oculus Rift. The campaign was a massive success, raising $2.4 million from nearly 9,500 backers. This early support not only funded the initial development of the Oculus Rift but also helped validate the market for VR technology. Oculus VR was later acquired by Facebook in 2014 for approximately $2 billion.
  2. Exploding Kittens: A card game that became an internet sensation, Exploding Kittens set records on Kickstarter in 2015. Created by Elan Lee, Matthew Inman (the creator of The Oatmeal), and Shane Small, the campaign aimed to raise $10,000 but ended up gathering an astonishing $8.78 million from over 219,000 backers. This made it one of the most backed projects in Kickstarter history and demonstrated the potential for board games in the crowdfunding space.
  3. Coolest Cooler: The Coolest Cooler reimagined the traditional ice chest into a multi-function outdoor entertainment gear. It features a blender, waterproof Bluetooth speakers, a USB charger, and more. Launched on Kickstarter in 2014, the campaign aimed to raise $50,000 but ended up raising over $13 million from more than 62,000 backers, making it one of the most funded campaigns on the platform at the time.
  4. Pebble Smartwatch: Before the Pebble Time, there was the original Pebble Smartwatch, which launched on Kickstarter in 2012. The project set out to raise $100,000 but ended up raising over $10 million from nearly 69,000 backers, making it the most funded Kickstarter project at that time. Pebble’s success on Kickstarter not only funded the development of their smartwatch but also kickstarted the wearable technology industry, prompting tech giants to explore and develop their own smartwatches.

4 Ways for Crowdfunding

Not all crowdfunding is created equal. There are four main types of crowdfunding, each with its own set of rules, advantages, and ideal use cases.

1. Reward-Based Crowdfunding

What is it? Reward-based crowdfunding involves individuals contributing to your project in exchange for a tangible item or service as a reward.

Ideal for: Projects that have a physical product or a unique service offering, creative endeavors, and early-stage concept validation.

How to choose it: This model works best if you have a tangible product or service to offer as a reward. It’s also excellent for gauging market interest and building a community around your brand. Platforms like Kickstarter and Indiegogo are popular for reward-based campaigns.

2. Equity-Based Crowdfunding

What is it? Equity-based crowdfunding allows individuals to invest in a startup in exchange for equity shares. Investors become partial owners and have a financial stake in the company’s success.

Ideal for: Startups looking for significant funding while willing to give up a share of their company. It’s suitable for companies with a clear path to profitability and growth.

How to choose it: If you’re ready to share equity and are looking for investors who will be actively interested in the growth of your business, this is the route for you. It requires more regulatory compliance, so platforms like SeedInvest and Crowdcube specialize in this type of crowdfunding.

3. Debt-Based Crowdfunding

What is it? Also known as peer-to-peer (P2P) lending, this model involves borrowing money from multiple investors with the promise to pay back the principal amount plus interest.

Ideal for: Businesses that need capital but prefer not to dilute their equity. It’s suitable for startups with the ability to repay the loan within a fixed period.

How to choose it: If you have a steady revenue stream and are confident in your ability to repay the loan, this could be an efficient way to raise funds without giving up equity. Platforms like LendingClub and Prosper facilitate debt-based crowdfunding.

4. Donation-Based Crowdfunding

What is it? This model involves raising funds without offering anything in return. Donors contribute simply because they believe in the cause or want to support the project.

Ideal for: Social, charitable, or community projects where the motive is more altruistic. It’s also used by startups in the early stages of a product or service with a strong social impact.

How to choose it: If your project has a strong social, environmental, or charitable element, and you believe people will be willing to support it without expecting anything in return, donation-based crowdfunding could be effective. GoFundMe is a well-known platform for donation-based campaigns.

The Platforms Powering Crowdfunding

Several platforms facilitate crowdfunding, each with its own focus and set of rules. Kickstarter and Indiegogo are among the most popular for creative and tech projects, while GoFundMe is often used for personal fundraising efforts. These platforms provide the infrastructure needed to host campaigns, process donations, and connect creators with their supporters.

The TLDR on Raising Small Amounts Of Money From A Large Number Of People in 2024

Crowdfunding represents a paradigm shift in how projects are financed, offering a more democratic and accessible method for raising capital. It embodies the collective spirit of innovation, allowing anyone with an internet connection to support the next big idea. As the crowdfunding landscape continues to evolve, it will undoubtedly spawn even more success stories like Pebble Time, proving that small contributions can indeed lead to big results.

  1. For Crowdfunding Statistics & Facts: Visit Statista’s website and search for “crowdfunding statistics” to find the latest data and trends in the crowdfunding market.
  2. For Specific Campaign Examples like Pebble Time: Go directly to Kickstarter’s website and use their search function to look for “Pebble Time” or explore the technology section for similar successful crowdfunding campaigns.

These sources provide a wealth of information on the current state and potential future of crowdfunding, offering valuable perspectives for both creators and backers.

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